Mineral springs’ waters at all the balneal resorts, including Truskavets, are one of the most important factors of the resort treatment. There are 13 mineral springs in Truskavets, multiform by its chemical content. Seven of them are used for the internal use: Naftussia #1, Naftussia #2, springs #1, 2, 4, 5 and 11; six springs (#3, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10) are used externally.

Spring #1 "Naftussia"

Spring “Naftussia” # 1 is the most famous and popular among the drinkable springs of the resort. The spring is situated in the resort centre on the southern hill of the resort ravine, at the distance of 200 meters from the pump room and represents a not deep well equipped with stone underground water capping well-stand, surrounded by the picturesque lime path of the park.

Naftussia refers to slightly mineralized waters (with mineralization of 0,7 g/liter) and according to the chemical content refers to the class of hydrocarbonate-sulphatic-calcic-magnesium mineral waters. The salts, in the content of “Naftussia” are chlorine-sulfide and duo carbonic magnesium, duo carbonic calcic, and also traces of lithium and iron salts, are represented in small quantities. Besides, as the name “Naftussia”(from the word “Nafta”(oil) ) itself shows, it encloses the organic matters related to the deposit of phenol type Boryslav oil, heavy acids of the saturated oil raw, and a small quantity of hydrogen sulfide and admixtures of the indefinite quantity of the shifting sulfide hydrocarbons.

These organic matters fill the water with a specific odor and oil smack. Received directly from the spring water, being preserved, emits the gas bubbles on the walls of the closed jar. When preserved in open jars in some hours odor, oil smack and the gas bubbles disappear. According the bacteriological research’s data, “Naftussia” invariably gives the steadfastly favorable results. This fact affirms that, it may has some bactericidal effect.

According to its physic-chemical content, and furthermore, by its physiological effect on organism, “Naftussia” is a unique water and no water at any of the former Soviet Union resorts, and in the whole world altogether, is equal to it.

According to the data received under experimental study of the water’s effect on animals, and under copious clinical observations, “Naftussia” possesses the diuretic effect. After taking, 600-800 ml per day the dieresis increases in 80-100%, and as the result of it the flow of the fluid in the ureters arises and accelerates, what abets washout of fine concrements, renal sand and products of the inflammation (leukocytes, slime, clots and others) from the urinary tracts. At the same time inflammatory processes of the urinary tracts diminish; the urine bacterial flora changes because of the lessening of the quantity of bacteria that cause and support the inflammatory process, in it.

General effect of “Naftussia” on the organism consists in washing out and excretes the slag out of it, which have accumulated as the result of the violated metabolism or the insufficient eliminative function of such important organs as kidneys, bowels and others. After more or less prolonged exercising of “Naftussia”, the pathologically increased level of the urinal acid in the blood comes back to norm. Under the authority of these data and copious clinical monitoring, it has been determined, that “Naftussia” has the favorable effect and is indicated to the patients, who suffer from urolithiasis, urinary acid diathesis, podagra and other metabolism diseases.

Besides of the increased diuretic effect, “Naftussia” stimulates the cholagogue, bile-excreting functions of the liver, what is very important under diseases of liver and bilious-tracts.

Equally with the various effect of the water of the “Naftussia” spring used when having diseases of kidneys, liver, metabolism, it should be mentioned that this water also has the favorable effect on the neurohumoral system in the normalization of its function sense.

From the above mentioned it can be seen, that “Naftussia” spring water, undoubtedly, has the property of the diverse effect on the human organism conformably to improvement and stimulation of many organs. This is confirmed by copious clinical monitoring and positive references of the patients, who have been taking water at the resort.

Spring “Naftussia” # 2

“Naftussia” spring # 2, is situated in Pomiarky at the distance of 3 km from the resort, it refers to the group of slightly mineralized waters. According to its chemical content the spring is similar to the main spring “Naftussia”, it is indicated for the treatment of people with urological, hepatic diseases and also for patients with diseases of the metabolism. Nowadays, because of its remoteness from the resort the spring is not exploited and is maintained as the reserve one.

Spring # 1

Drinkable spring # 1 (“Naftussia” ) is situated at the bottom of the resort ravine, in its west part, at the distance of 600 meters from the resort centre. The spring represents the underground water capping stone well with a beautiful hexangular pavilion.

The spring water is delivered at the central pump room. Water of the spring #1 refers to the medium mineralized waters, its mineralization varies from 4 to 6 g/liter, and according to the chemical content it is chloride-sulfate-hydrogen carbonate-sodium-calcium-magnesium water, which contains besides of the chloride and sulfuric salts 0,138 g of silica and 0,0139 g of ions of iron, 42 mg of free carbonic acid, and also traces of free hydrogen sulfide.

According to the clinical monitoring, water of the spring #1 which is situated nearly to the isotonic waters does not stay in the stomach for a long time, does not evokes osmotic vibrations and does not irritate is mucous membrane; it rarefies the slime in the stomach and abets its extracting. When it is warm the water lessens the inflammatory process of the stomach mucous membrane, almost does not increases the secretion and acidity of the gastric juice, relaxes the pylorys spasm and by doing this remedies one of the most important reasons of the stomach diseases. Rapidly entering into the duodenum and sucking in, it reflectory slows down the stomach secretion and simultaneously decreases the acidity of the gastric juice. Being cold, water of the spring #1, vice versa, effects the mucous membrane stomach gland apparatus, increases secretion of the stomach and acidity of the gastric juice.

Thus, water from the spring #1 has a favorable effect on the course of chronic gastritis with both: increased and decreased secretion and acidity, abetting the reconstruction of the stomach secretory function to norm, what is confirmed by a chain of held at the resort experimental labors and clinical monitoring. This water has same effect on the intestine, stimulating its secretory activity and regulating the peristalsis, simultaneously assuaging the inflammatory process and lessening the spasms in different sectors of the intestine. Besides, under the authority of the whole set of clinical monitoring, the stimulating effect of the water from the spring #1 on the bile creating function of the liver and bile-excreting function of the gallbladder has been determined. Thus, the above mentioned data speak of the fact that the spring # 1 is indicated for:

  • Chronic disease of the stomach – gastritis with increased and lowered secretion and acidity, and also under stomach and duodenum ulcer out of the exacerbation period.
  • Chronic diseases of the intestine: colitis pains and enterocolitis, constipations, intestine atony.
  • Chronic diseases of liver and gall bilious tracts: hepatitis, cholecystitis, hepatocholecystitis, angiocholitis and other.

Spring # 2

Spring # 2( “Sophia” ) is situated in the wooded locality Horodyshche, westwardly from the resort ravine, at the distance of 2 kilometres from the resort centre. The spring represents the underground water capping stone well with a beautiful hexangular pavilion.

Water from the spring #2 is prescribed to the patients with diseases of gastrointestinal tract. It refers to the group of medium mineralized waters (mineralization 8-12 m/l) According to the chemical content it is chloride-sodium-calcium-magnesium, contains 29 mg of free carbonic acid and 0,3 mg of free hydrogen sulfide. Water from the spring # 2 mainly implicates the chloride salts stimulates the activity of the stomach secretory cells and as the result it increases the acidity of the gastric juice, simultaneously it rarefies and dissolves the gastric juice slime and assuages the stomach mucous membrane inflammatory processes. A set of held at the resort labors and clinical monitoring has shown that under stomach diseases with decreased acidity, the spring water used according to certain methodology, stimulates the excretion of the hydrochloric acid and ferments, and when having diseases of the intestine it improves the intestinal digestion and stimulates the peristalsis; especially it has a favorable effect under chronic hypokinetic constipations.

When having diseases of the pancreas, with fermentative function disturbance, spring #2 effects the increasing of the quantity of ferments of the pancreas. Clinical monitoring shows, that after using water from the spring #2 during certain span of time, three-four weeks (patients with hypoacidic and anacidic condition of the stomach and attending phenomena from the intestine side (constipations or diarrhea), dyspeptic phenomena disappear, appetite improves, feeding normalizes, not rare achylic diarrhea cease, what can be explained by the stimulative effect of the water on the function of the pancreas and improvement of digestion in the upper section of the intestine.

Water of the spring # 2 is indicated for patients with: chronic gastritis with decreased and absent acidity, achylia of stomach and diseases of the pancreas with attending enterocolitis and colitis pains.

Spring # 4

Spring # 4 (“Barbara”) is situated in the suburbs of the Pomiarky resort; it represents an old, filled with water ozocerite mine.

According to its chemical content the water of the spring # $ is chloride-sulphatic-sodium with high mineralization (up to 350 g/l) it is a source substance for obtaining dry salt “Barbara”, which is achieved from the water by freezing it out at the temperature of -8 with further backboiling. Clinical monitoring has shown that “Barbara” salt in big doses (30-40g) evokes abrupt diarrhea effect, and in smaller doses (5-10g) is a soft laxative remedy and has the cholagogue and bile-excreting effect. “Barbara” salt is widely used at the resort to the patients with diseases of liver and bilious tracts, intestine atony, customary constipations, hypertension and other diseases.

Spring # 5

Spring # 5 (“Emma”) is situated in Horodyshche, not far from the spring # 2, it represents a not deep well. Water from the spring # 5 refers to the group of slightly mineralized waters (mineralization 1g/l), and according to its chemical content is chloride-hydrocarbonate-sulphatic-sodium-calcium-magnesium. The spring is not exploited nowadays.

Spring # 11

Spring # 11 (“Yuzia”) is situated in the upper part of the resort ravine at the distance of 800 m from the resort centre, it represents the underground waters capping stone well, with fountain and benches for rest.

The spring refers to the springs with slight mineralization (minerzlization 0,7 mg/l). Water of the spring is hydrocarbonate-sulphatic-sodium-calcium-magnesium, it possesses marked diuretic effect, but meanwhile, due to the “Naftussia” spring, with more efficient effect, presence at the resort it hardly used for the treatment aims.

Slightly mineralized soft water of the spring has a pleasant taste and softens the skin when used externally, during the times of the Austro-Hungary and Poland supremacy, the spring has the reputation of the spring of youth and beauty and that was how it attracted attention. Nowadays water of the spring is used by the patients and local inhabitants as good and delicious drinkable water.

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  26.07.2021 Ferienhaus Ostsee



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